DOI Prefix : 10.9780 | Journal DOI : 10.9780/22307850
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Volume : III, Issue : XI, December - 2013

Hydro-meteorological Aspect Of Climate Change On Natural Hazards With Proposed Adaptation And Mitigation Strategies In North-western India

Sandeep Kumar and Santosh

DOI : 10.9780/22307850, Published By : Laxmi Book Publication

Abstract :

Climate change is generally defined as the long term significant change in the average weather condition of a specific region or zone over an appropriately significant period of time. The fourth assessment report of IPCC reported that the average global temperature has increased by 0.6°C over 20th century and projected will be 1.8-4.0°C by 2100s (IPCC, 2007). The globally averaged surface temperature is projected to increase by 1.4°C to 5.8°C over the period 1990 to 2100 (IPCC, 2013). Conclusion of various studies shows that the surface temperature in India was increased with considerable regional variations i.e. 0.5 to 0.6°C during 1901-2005 and the projected will be 2-5°C by 2100s. Climate change, whether driven by natural or human activities, can lead to changes in the likelihood of the occurrence or strength of extreme weather and climate events. The weather pattern have become more extreme, with more frequent and more intense in rainfall events, subsequent floods and prolonged droughts i.e. the intensity and frequency of hydro-meteorological hazards has increased. Climate change has the potential to impact the hydrological cycle and subsequently the hydro-meteorological disasters. The vulnerability and associated risks in North-Western parts of India are increasing as over 90% of natural disasters in this region are hydro-meteorological in origin. The paper highlights the climate change and its impact on hydro-meteorological hazards in NW India. The paper also suggest various mitigation and adaptation strategies to cope with impacts of climate change on hydro-meteorological disasters such as capacity building and increasing resiliency among vulnerable communities along with adoption of sustainable development approach.

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Cite This Article :

Sandeep Kumar and Santosh, (2013). Hydro-meteorological Aspect Of Climate Change On Natural Hazards With Proposed Adaptation And Mitigation Strategies In North-western India. Indian Streams Research Journal, Vol. III, Issue. XI, DOI : 10.9780/22307850, http://oldisrj.lbp.world/UploadedData/3421.pdf

References :

  1. Aggarwal P.K. (2009). Climate change, food security and adaptation strategies, Proceedings of the Sec. In. Dis. Manag. Cong., National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM), New Delhi, India.
  2. Arora M., Singh P., Goel N.K. and Singh R.D. (2008). Climatic variability influences on hydrological responses of a large Himalayan Basin, Wat. Res. Manag., 22, 1461-1475.

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