DOI Prefix : 10.9780 | Journal DOI : 10.9780/22307850
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Volume : III, Issue : XI, December - 2013

US Foreign Policy Towards Africa In A Post - Cold War Era

Alka Mudgal

DOI : 10.9780/22307850, Published By : Laxmi Book Publication

Abstract :

The collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of cold war caused the earlier bipolar world to be unipolar. The change resulted in a substantial shift in US interests from Africa to formerly Soviet states of Eastern Europe which was evidenced by drastic reduction in US bilateral aid to Africa. After the end of the cold war, US main concern was to establish its hegemony. With the focus on democratization, human rights and neo-liberal economic reforms, United States was prepared to cut off ties with those African states which were not abiding by these conditions. Democracy and human rights were not new to the US foreign policy. Provisions of Section 116 of the 1961 Foreign Assistance Act prohibited the President from providing development aid to the government of any country which is involved in a violation of internationally recognized human rights. The 1976 Congressional Foreign Assistance Act has also been an indicator of US' respect for human rights and fundamental freedom across the world.

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Cite This Article :

Alka Mudgal, (2013). US Foreign Policy Towards Africa In A Post - Cold War Era. Indian Streams Research Journal, Vol. III, Issue. XI, DOI : 10.9780/22307850, http://oldisrj.lbp.world/UploadedData/3328.pdf

References :

  1. Barbara Grosh and Stephen Orvis, Political Conditionality, Democratization and Economic Performance in Africa: Aid in Kenya in the Post Cold War Era,no publisher, no date, p.6. See also, Senator T. Kennedy, 'Suspend All American Aid to Kenya for Human Rights Violation', Congressional Record 136(93), July 19, 1990, pp.15-16, cited in Korwa G. Adar, 'The Wilsonian Conception of Democracy and Human Rights: A Retrospective and Prospective',web page appeared on 26-10-2013, http://web.africa.ufl.edu/asq/v2/v2i2a3.htm. 2For Nigeria human rights record see, U.S. Government Department of State, Nigeria: Human Rights Report, 1995 (Washington DC, US Government Printing Office, 1996), pp. 1-26, cited in Korwa G. Adar, op. cit. 3Nicolas Van De Walle, 'US Policy Towards Africa: The Bush Legacy and the Obama Administration', African Affairs (Oxford University Press),vo. 109, (Issue 434): November 2009, pp 1-21.
  2. Niyi Shomade, 'US Foreign Policy on Africa: A Bomb Is A Bomb' November 2, 2004, www.africaspeaks.com/articles/2004/0211.html 12Conn M. Hallinan, 'US Foreign Policy and Africa: The Next Four Years', International Policy Digest, November 22, 2012, www.internationalpolicydigest.org 13Amit Sethi, “US quietly ramping up military presence in Africa.” The Hindu, October, 28, 2013.

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