DOI Prefix : 10.9780 | Journal DOI : 10.9780/22307850
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Volume : III, Issue : VIII, September - 2013

Spatio-temporal Analysis Of Tuberculosis Mortality In Marathwada Region ( M. S., India)

Lokhande T. N. And Kale V. P.

DOI : 10.9780/22307850, Published By : Laxmi Book Publication

Abstract :

Health is considered as a major determinant of happiness. The link between health and development is very close. Creativity of human being is depended on his health condition. In this context, Medical Geography as a branch of human geography deals with such aspects. Tuberculosis remains a global public health problem even though it's causative organism was discovered and highly effective medicines and vaccines are available for cure them, have been known for a long time. India is the highest TB burden country in the world and accounts 20 percent of global burden of tuberculosis. The data regarding TB has been collected from vital statistics published by government of Maharashtra. The present study attempts to evaluate the Spatio-temporal analysis of Tuberculosis mortality in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state. The objective of this research paper is to study the distributional pattern and correlation between various geographical and socio-cultural factors and mortality of tuberculosis in the study region. The researcher proposes to analyze the available data at various stages is being calculated using various statistical methods. The collected data has correlated with different physical and socio cultural variables. The distributional pattern of Tuberculosis is to be investigated at district level. The data collected for 35 years period has been analyzed by Choropleth methods, Standard Mortality Rate (S. M. R.), simple ranking technique and Karl Pearson's correlation method is used for understanding comparison, distributional pattern and correlation between various factors and Tuberculosis. Class intervals for distribution is decided by percentile method. The study reveals that various climatic phenomena such as temperature, humidity, rainfall, sunshine and altitude partially contribute in the occurrence of the TB in the study region. Moreover, various cultural factors such as economic status, housing conditions, occupational structure, level of industrialization and environmental sanitation contribute significantly in the occurrence and transmission of the TB. Poverty, low vitality, overcrowding urban areas, faulty dietary pattern, malnutrition, social customs like 'Purdah', repeated pregnancies, child marriages, lack of timely and adequate treatment facilities and poor sanitation are some of the causes responsible for tuberculosis mortality in the study region.

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Cite This Article :

Lokhande T. N. And Kale V. P. , (2013). Spatio-temporal Analysis Of Tuberculosis Mortality In Marathwada Region ( M. S., India). Indian Streams Research Journal, Vol. III, Issue. VIII, DOI : 10.9780/22307850, http://oldisrj.lbp.world/UploadedData/3080.pdf

References :

  1. Agnihotri, R.C. (1995): “Geomedical Environment and Health Care”, Rawat Publications Jaipur, P.106.
  2. “Annual vital statistics of Maharashtra Report” published by Government of Maharashtra from 1971 to 2005.
  3. Armstrong, R.W. (1965): “Medical Geography: An Emerging specialty”, International Pathology, Vol.6, Pp- 61-63.
  4. May, J.M. (1950): “Medical Geography- Its methods and objectives”, Geographical review. Vol. No. 40., P. 10.

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