DOI Prefix : 10.9780 | Journal DOI : 10.9780/22307850
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Volume : IV, Issue : I, February - 2014

CHARACTERIZATION OF TEXTILE DYE EFFLUENT FROM KOMARAPALAYAM, NAMAKKAL DISTRICT, TAMILNADU, INDIA

Rajaganesh K., Sumedha N. C and Ameer Basha. S

DOI : 10.9780/22307850, By : Laxmi Book Publication

Abstract :

Effluents from textile industries contain different types of dyes, which consists of high molecular weight and complex chemical structures, low level of biodegradability. Hence, direct deposition of these effluents into the environment cause pollution particularly in aquatic ecosystem. In this investigation, the physicochemical characteristics of the effluent samples were evaluated to ascertain the efficiency of industry's waste water treatment process. Conventional methods were employed for analysis of physicochemical parameters, while heavy metals in the effluent samples were analyzed using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The results obtained from the physicochemical analysis of all the samples of effluent indicated high temperatures, alkaline pH, foul smell and were highly colored.TDS values in some samples were also very high. All the samples except one sample have high BOD values. The COD values of all the samples were very high indicating high degree of pollution. The results also showed elevated levels of inorganic ions. The concentrations of heavy metals namely Zn, Cd and Pb also very high. Almost all the above characteristics of textile dye effluent have greater variability compared with NEQS standard. Thus textile effluent is a major source of water pollution which will affect the flora and fauna existing in such environments. This study anchors on the need for treatment of textile effluent before discharged into the environment.

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Cite This Article :

Rajaganesh K., Sumedha N. C and Ameer Basha. S(2014). CHARACTERIZATION OF TEXTILE DYE EFFLUENT FROM KOMARAPALAYAM, NAMAKKAL DISTRICT, TAMILNADU, INDIA. Indian Streams Research Journal, Vol. IV, Issue. I, DOI : 10.9780/22307850, http://isrj.org/UploadedData/4212.pdf

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  537. Eisler, R (1993). Zinc Hazards to Fish, Wildlife, and Invertebrates: A Synoptic Review. Biological Report, Patuxent Wildlife
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  543. Manivasakam, N (2000). Physicochemical Examination of Water and Sewage and Industrial Effluent. 2nd edn. Pragati
  544. American Public Health Association (APHA) (1998). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. WEF
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  548. Research Center, U.S.A, 106.
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  552. and AWWA, 20th Edition, USA.
  553. De, A.K (2000). Environmental Chemistry. 4th ed., New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 286.
  554. Bakshi, D.K., Sharma, P (2003). Genotoxicity of textile dyes evaluated with Ames test and rec-assay. J. Environ. Pathol.
  555. Furness, R.W., Raibow, P.S (2005). Heavy Metals in the Marine Environment. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 256.
  556. De, A.K (2000). Environmental Chemistry. 4th ed., New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 286.
  557. American Public Health Association (APHA) (1998). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. WEF
  558. Chapman, P. M., Romberg, G. P., Vigers, G. A (1982). Design of monitoring studies for priority pollutants. J.Water. Pollut.
  559. Ademoroti, M.A., Ukponmwan, D.O., Omode, A.A (1992). Studies of textile effluent discharges in Nigeria. Environ. Stud,
  560. Toxicol. Oncol, 22 (2): 101–109.
  561. Geetha, A., Palanisamy, P.N., Sivakumar, P., Ganesh, P.K., Sujatha, M (2008). Assessment of underground water
  562. American Public Health Association (APHA) (1992). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 18th
  563. Prakashan, 47.
  564. Control Fed, 54 (3): 292–297.
  565. 5(4): 696-705.
  566. De, A.K (2000). Environmental Chemistry. 4th ed., New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 286.
  567. Eisler, R (1993). Zinc Hazards to Fish, Wildlife, and Invertebrates: A Synoptic Review. Biological Report, Patuxent Wildlife
  568. Bakshi, D.K., Sharma, P (2003). Genotoxicity of textile dyes evaluated with Ames test and rec-assay. J. Environ. Pathol.
  569. Furness, R.W., Raibow, P.S (2005). Heavy Metals in the Marine Environment. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 256.
  570. ed, APHA, New York
  571. contamination and effect of textile effluents on Noyyal river basin in and around Tiruppur town, Tamil Nadu. E.J. of Chem,
  572. Manivasakam, N (2000). Physicochemical Examination of Water and Sewage and Industrial Effluent. 2nd edn. Pragati
  573. 3: 232-233
  574. De, A.K (2000). Environmental Chemistry. 4th ed., New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 286.
  575. American Public Health Association (APHA) (1998). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. WEF
  576. Chapman, P. M., Romberg, G. P., Vigers, G. A (1982). Design of monitoring studies for priority pollutants. J.Water. Pollut.
  577. Kumar, A (1989). Environmental Chemistry. Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, India. 29. Sofia Nosheen, Haq Nawaz and
  578. Khalil-Ur-Rehman. 2000. Physic-Chemical Characterization of effluents of local textile Hournal of Agricultural and Biology,
  579. De, A.K (2000). Environmental Chemistry. 4th ed., New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 286.
  580. Ademoroti, M.A., Ukponmwan, D.O., Omode, A.A (1992). Studies of textile effluent discharges in Nigeria. Environ. Stud,
  581. Toxicol. Oncol, 22 (2): 101–109.
  582. Geetha, A., Palanisamy, P.N., Sivakumar, P., Ganesh, P.K., Sujatha, M (2008). Assessment of underground water
  583. Eisler, R (1993). Zinc Hazards to Fish, Wildlife, and Invertebrates: A Synoptic Review. Biological Report, Patuxent Wildlife
  584. De, A.K (2000). Environmental Chemistry. 4th ed., New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 286.
  585. 39 (4): 291–296
  586. Control Fed, 54 (3): 292–297.
  587. De, A.K (2000). Environmental Chemistry. 4th ed., New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 286.
  588. ed, APHA, New York
  589. contamination and effect of textile effluents on Noyyal river basin in and around Tiruppur town, Tamil Nadu. E.J. of Chem,
  590. Manivasakam, N (2000). Physicochemical Examination of Water and Sewage and Industrial Effluent. 2nd edn. Pragati
  591. De, A.K (2000). Environmental Chemistry. 4th ed., New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 286.
  592. Kumar, A (1989). Environmental Chemistry. Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, India. 29. Sofia Nosheen, Haq Nawaz and
  593. Khalil-Ur-Rehman. 2000. Physic-Chemical Characterization of effluents of local textile Hournal of Agricultural and Biology,
  594. Bakshi, D.K., Sharma, P (2003). Genotoxicity of textile dyes evaluated with Ames test and rec-assay. J. Environ. Pathol.
  595. Furness, R.W., Raibow, P.S (2005). Heavy Metals in the Marine Environment. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 256.
  596. Research Center, U.S.A, 106.
  597. De, A.K (2000). Environmental Chemistry. 4th ed., New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 286.
  598. Control Fed, 54 (3): 292–297.
  599. ed, APHA, New York
  600. contamination and effect of textile effluents on Noyyal river basin in and around Tiruppur town, Tamil Nadu. E.J. of Chem,
  601. Manivasakam, N (2000). Physicochemical Examination of Water and Sewage and Industrial Effluent. 2nd edn. Pragati
  602. 3: 232-233
  603. Kumar, A (1989). Environmental Chemistry. Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, India. 29. Sofia Nosheen, Haq Nawaz and
  604. American Public Health Association (APHA) (1998). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. WEF
  605. Chapman, P. M., Romberg, G. P., Vigers, G. A (1982). Design of monitoring studies for priority pollutants. J.Water. Pollut.
  606. 3: 232-233
  607. Eisler, R (1993). Zinc Hazards to Fish, Wildlife, and Invertebrates: A Synoptic Review. Biological Report, Patuxent Wildlife
  608. American Public Health Association (APHA) (1992). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 18th
  609. Prakashan, 47.
  610. De, A.K (2000). Environmental Chemistry. 4th ed., New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 286.
  611. Control Fed, 54 (3): 292–297.
  612. Control Fed, 54 (3): 292–297.
  613. Eisler, R (1993). Zinc Hazards to Fish, Wildlife, and Invertebrates: A Synoptic Review. Biological Report, Patuxent Wildlife
  614. Irina-Isabella Savin, Romen Butnaru (2008). Wastewater Characteristics in Textile Finishing Mills, Environ. Eng. Manag.
  615. J., 7(6): 859-864.
  616. 5(4): 696-705.
  617. American Public Health Association (APHA) (1992). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 18th
  618. Prakashan, 47.
  619. American Public Health Association (APHA) (1992). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 18th
  620. Prakashan, 47.
  621. Khalil-Ur-Rehman. 2000. Physic-Chemical Characterization of effluents of local textile Hournal of Agricultural and Biology,
  622. American Public Health Association (APHA) (1998). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. WEF
  623. Chapman, P. M., Romberg, G. P., Vigers, G. A (1982). Design of monitoring studies for priority pollutants. J.Water. Pollut.
  624. Kumar, A (1989). Environmental Chemistry. Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, India. 29. Sofia Nosheen, Haq Nawaz and
  625. Khalil-Ur-Rehman. 2000. Physic-Chemical Characterization of effluents of local textile Hournal of Agricultural and Biology,
  626. Bakshi, D.K., Sharma, P (2003). Genotoxicity of textile dyes evaluated with Ames test and rec-assay. J. Environ. Pathol.
  627. Furness, R.W., Raibow, P.S (2005). Heavy Metals in the Marine Environment. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 256.
  628. Bakshi, D.K., Sharma, P (2003). Genotoxicity of textile dyes evaluated with Ames test and rec-assay. J. Environ. Pathol.
  629. Furness, R.W., Raibow, P.S (2005). Heavy Metals in the Marine Environment. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 256.
  630. Ademoroti, M.A., Ukponmwan, D.O., Omode, A.A (1992). Studies of textile effluent discharges in Nigeria. Environ. Stud,
  631. Toxicol. Oncol, 22 (2): 101–109.
  632. Geetha, A., Palanisamy, P.N., Sivakumar, P., Ganesh, P.K., Sujatha, M (2008). Assessment of underground water
  633. De, A.K (2000). Environmental Chemistry. 4th ed., New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 286.
  634. 5(4): 696-705.
  635. Ademoroti, M.A., Ukponmwan, D.O., Omode, A.A (1992). Studies of textile effluent discharges in Nigeria. Environ. Stud,
  636. Toxicol. Oncol, 22 (2): 101–109.
  637. Geetha, A., Palanisamy, P.N., Sivakumar, P., Ganesh, P.K., Sujatha, M (2008). Assessment of underground water
  638. American Public Health Association (APHA) (1992). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 18th
  639. Prakashan, 47.
  640. ed, APHA, New York
  641. contamination and effect of textile effluents on Noyyal river basin in and around Tiruppur town, Tamil Nadu. E.J. of Chem,
  642. Manivasakam, N (2000). Physicochemical Examination of Water and Sewage and Industrial Effluent. 2nd edn. Pragati
  643. 5(4): 696-705.
  644. De, A.K (2000). Environmental Chemistry. 4th ed., New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 286.
  645. Ademoroti, M.A., Ukponmwan, D.O., Omode, A.A (1992). Studies of textile effluent discharges in Nigeria. Environ. Stud,
  646. Toxicol. Oncol, 22 (2): 101–109.
  647. Geetha, A., Palanisamy, P.N., Sivakumar, P., Ganesh, P.K., Sujatha, M (2008). Assessment of underground water
  648. Irina-Isabella Savin, Romen Butnaru (2008). Wastewater Characteristics in Textile Finishing Mills, Environ. Eng. Manag.
  649. J., 7(6): 859-864.
  650. 39 (4): 291–296
  651. Research Center, U.S.A, 106.
  652. De, A.K (2000). Environmental Chemistry. 4th ed., New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 286.
  653. Bakshi, D.K., Sharma, P (2003). Genotoxicity of textile dyes evaluated with Ames test and rec-assay. J. Environ. Pathol.
  654. Furness, R.W., Raibow, P.S (2005). Heavy Metals in the Marine Environment. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 256.
  655. De, A.K (2000). Environmental Chemistry. 4th ed., New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 286.
  656. Kumar, A (1989). Environmental Chemistry. Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, India. 29. Sofia Nosheen, Haq Nawaz and
  657. Khalil-Ur-Rehman. 2000. Physic-Chemical Characterization of effluents of local textile Hournal of Agricultural and Biology,
  658. De, A.K (2000). Environmental Chemistry. 4th ed., New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 286.
  659. and AWWA, 20th Edition, USA.
  660. Control Fed, 54 (3): 292–297.
  661. Eisler, R (1993). Zinc Hazards to Fish, Wildlife, and Invertebrates: A Synoptic Review. Biological Report, Patuxent Wildlife
  662. American Public Health Association (APHA) (1998). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. WEF
  663. Chapman, P. M., Romberg, G. P., Vigers, G. A (1982). Design of monitoring studies for priority pollutants. J.Water. Pollut.
  664. Eisler, R (1993). Zinc Hazards to Fish, Wildlife, and Invertebrates: A Synoptic Review. Biological Report, Patuxent Wildlife
  665. Irina-Isabella Savin, Romen Butnaru (2008). Wastewater Characteristics in Textile Finishing Mills, Environ. Eng. Manag.
  666. J., 7(6): 859-864.
  667. 5(4): 696-705.
  668. American Public Health Association (APHA) (1998). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. WEF
  669. Chapman, P. M., Romberg, G. P., Vigers, G. A (1982). Design of monitoring studies for priority pollutants. J.Water. Pollut.
  670. 39 (4): 291–296
  671. Research Center, U.S.A, 106.
  672. De, A.K (2000). Environmental Chemistry. 4th ed., New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 286.
  673. ed, APHA, New York
  674. contamination and effect of textile effluents on Noyyal river basin in and around Tiruppur town, Tamil Nadu. E.J. of Chem,
  675. Manivasakam, N (2000). Physicochemical Examination of Water and Sewage and Industrial Effluent. 2nd edn. Pragati
  676. Eisler, R (1993). Zinc Hazards to Fish, Wildlife, and Invertebrates: A Synoptic Review. Biological Report, Patuxent Wildlife

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